Morocco is located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. Morocco claims the Mediterranean in the north and the Atlantic Ocean in the west and is bordered by Algeria to the east and Mauretania to the south. Morocco also claims the enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Badis Island, as well as a number of other islands, all of which are currently under Spanish sovereignty.
The capital is Rabat and its largest city is Casablanca. Morocco extends over an area of 710,850 km² and has a population of more than 36 million people.
Morocco claims the Mediterranean in the north and the Atlantic Ocean in the west, and is bordered by Algeria to the east and Western Sahara (disputed) to the south. Morocco also claims the enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla and Badis Island, as well as a number of other islands, all of which are currently under Spanish sovereignty.
Since the founding of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country was ruled by a series of independent dynasties, and it reached its climax under the Almoravids and Almohads when its borders reached parts of Iberia and Northwest Africa.
The Portuguese Empire began imposing its control over Morocco in the 15th century, following Portuguese conquests along the Moroccan coast, establishing a number of settlements that lasted until the 17th and 19th centuries.
The Marinid and Saadian dynasties resisted foreign domination starting in the 17th century, making Morocco the only North African country that did not succumb to Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, which now rules Morocco, came to power in 1631.
Morocco’s strategic location near the mouth of the Mediterranean attracted Europe’s attention, and in 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish Morocco, with Tangiers remaining as an international area. Morocco regained its independence in 1956 and has since remained relatively stable and prosperous by regional standards, with it being the fifth largest economy in Africa.
Morocco is a sovereign country with a centralized semi-constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The country enjoys great influence in both Africa and the Arab world, and is considered a regional and middle power.
The King of Morocco enjoys extensive executive and legislative powers, particularly with regard to military affairs, foreign policy, and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in the government, the House of Representatives, and the chancellors.
The King can issue decrees called (Moroccan Dahir) that have the force of law. He can also dissolve Parliament after consulting with the Prime Minister and the President of the Constitutional Court.
Islam is the main religion in Morocco, while the official languages are Arabic and Berber, which was recognized as an official language in 2011, as it was the original language of Morocco before the Islamic conquest in the seventh century AD.
The Moroccan dialect (Darija) and French are also widely used in Morocco. Moroccan culture is a mixture of Berber, Arab, Jewish, West African, and European cultural influences.